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Pčelarenje pred Kijamet je knjiga koja zbori o bliskoj vezi između ljudi i pčela dok je samo pčelarenje na ivici neodrživosti. Lokalni pčelari su posvećeni skupljanju meda i drugih plodova košnica a ustrajavaju u čuvanju pčela iako se medne paše smanjuju. Nestajanje meda nije samo lokalne nevolja: to je odraz čudnih novih vremenskih trendova u ekologiji biljaka i insekata.


Za lokalne Bosanske Muslimane, nestajanje meda najavljuje i iščezavanje samog svijeta. U Islamskim izvorima med ne samo da je sladak i poznat po svojoj ljekovitosti, nego obiluje i dubljim značenjima. Za med se kaže da je proizvod božanske inspiracije. Bog se blisko obraća pčelama, kao i ostalim bićima i stvarima, ali za konačno uništenje Zemlje odgovorni su jedino ljudi (i džini). Ovo su osnovi Islamske ekologije. Islamska ekologija je neodvojiva od eshatologije, tj. o učenju o smrti, kraju svih stvari, i mitovima o vječnoj sreći i nesreći vječnog života u Božijoj daljini. Eshatologija o kojoj knjiga kazuje, je živuća senzibilnost, osjećaj koji protkiva svakodnevne težnje i djela. Fokus nije toliko na samom apokaliptičnom dogadjaju—na trenu kad se smotaju nebesa—vec na umjeću življenja u prolongiranoj, katastrofalnoj sadašnjosti poznatoj u Islamskoj tradiciji kao ākhir-al-zamān. Napisana uz pčele, slijedeći pčelarske korake, i u društvu Sufijskog učitelja, sina pčelara, knjiga predstavlja eko-eshatologiju: način ophođenja, osjećanja, i razmišljanja dok još nije Kraj.


Priča o pčelarenju u Bosni je važna za pčelare i zaljubljenike u pčele, širom svijeta, iako su sam kontekst i ispričane ljudsko-pčelarske veze vrlo kulturno specifične.


Small-scale beekeepers in Bosnia and Herzegovina tend to have a special connection with honeybees. Many have turned to beekeeping at very inauspicious times. They invested last bits of family savings into new hives in the midst of the 1990s genocidal war or shortly after the uneasy peace ushered in an era of economic depression, financial speculation, and political prospecting. If the beekeepers are mostly male, it is the women in the family who keep up the tradition of talking to the swarming bees and who pick up their share of apiary tasks, not least the harvesting of honey.


Moreover, honeybees’ local forage grounds are often far from industrial agriculture and so relatively safe from the usual environmental pressures upon the pollinators, such as pesticides, monocultural food sources, and the loss of habitat. Land devastated by the war and neglected since the peace is now rewilding and nurturing diverse, native as well as invasive species of bloomers. These forage sites are nearly idyllic, except that the impacts of climate change are increasingly felt no matter how far the beekeepers travel in pursuit of honey.  


Climate change is a profound and sweeping global trend but, short of catastrophic weather events, its implications are often very subtle and easily missed. Beekeepers, however, are keen observers of nature and their apiary diaries and itineraries offer rare insights into the puzzling and fast-paced alterations in the relationships between bees and their partner plants.


To grasp the nature of routine pressures that are mounting against bees, the book travels cross-country, honey hunting at the most promising forage places and past the sites of quiet, ongoing disasters. Road trips in a post-war, developing Balkan country like Bosnia offer a particularly honest snapshot of the trends that are dooming the planet more generally: fossil-fuel development, budding consumer economies, toxic and extractive industries, and the unbeatable optimism of the climate future planning.


Beekeeping in the End Times, in a word, is a tour of the near-end ecologies. The insights and feelings inspired along the way are as intense and varied as are the flavors of wild, raw honey. Some aromas—like chestnut—are bitter, others—like honeydew—are almost too strong to take in. But honey-minded pursuits and contemplations are never bleak, even though the End may be looming.



Mark